National Food Security Mission was launched in 2007 with the objective of Increasing the production of rice, wheat and pulses.
With the aim of sustainable development in agriculture production and to meet out the need of population, National Development Council (NDC) launched the Mission on 11th Five Year Plan (2007-12). Later, this Mission was extended to the 12th Five year plan (2012-17) to additional production of rice, wheat, pulses and Coarse grains. (Note: Though Five Year Plan & NDC abandoned with introduction of NITI Aayog, NFSM continues).
What are it’s Objectives ?
- To increase the food production sustainably.
- To ensure the self-sufficiency.
- Prices remain affordable to consumers.
Strategies towards the Mission
NFSM focused to increase the production through the following plans:
* Area expansion and productivity enhancement.
* Restoring soil fertility and productivity.
* Creating employment opportunities & enhancing economy
* Demonstrations are being set up on improved package and cropping systems.
* Distribution of high-yielding varieties and hybrid seeds at subsidised costs.
* Distribution of farm equipment and tools like cono weeder, manual sprayer, drum seeder, seed drill, zero till multi-crop planter, power weeder; all at subsidized costs.
* Subsidised distribution of plant protection chemicals and bio-pesticides; weedicides.
* Distribution of subsidised micro-nutrients, lime/ liming materials.
* Five percent of total state allocation will be allocated for funding on project basis, and
* Setting up of project management teams at State and District levels.
Till 2014-15 the programme was implemented on 100% by center. However, from the year 2015-16, the programme is being implemented on 60:40 sharing basis between Centre and state in general states and 90:10 sharing basis for North Eastern and three Himalayan states.
The crops which are included in the Centre-State budgeting 2017-18 under NFSM was rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals, commercial crops (sugarcane, jute and cotton).
How does it monitored ?
Three-tier monitoring mechanism was inbuilt in NFSM at National level (National Food Security Mission Executive Committee), State level (State Food Security Mission Executive Committee) and District levels (District Food Security Mission Executive Committee).
At National level, General Council (GC) under the chairmanship of Union Agriculture Minister and Farmers Welfare was constituted to oversee the implementation of NFSM and take policy decisions for mid-term corrections.
Areas of concern
1. High dependence of farmers on monsoon rain has increased the risk of productivity and financial stress for farmers. To overcome this, we need to increase agricultural land under irrigation.
2. Though there is high production, the market mechanism provides inadequate to provide additional revenue to farmers.
3. Cereal crops where given more importance under NFSM, it was only after pulses scarcity in 2015-17 diverted the focus towards pulses production. However, Government procurement mechanism has to be strengthened for non-cereal crops.
4. Similarly, Targeted production has to be enhanced by increasing productivity. Research and development should focus on high productivity considering the fact that our productivity is far less than Brazil and China.
5. Finally, climate change poses threat to food security now a days. So, Climate Resilient farming methods had to be developed and adopted to achieve the goals of Food Security Mission.
Compiled by Aaron Ayyavu, B.Sc. Horticulture.
Annual report of GOI, Agriculture Ministry 2017-18