Eight exotic fruits of India that you should know before eating
Horticulture Nutrition & Health

Eight Exotic fruits in Indian market that you should know about | Part 2

India is the second largest producer of fruits in the world. Though India is known for its production of common native fruits like Banana, Mango, Sapota, there are also certain fruits that are grown only overseas or cultivated only in a negligible scale in our country. These fruits are known as exotic fruits.

Increasing purchasing power and preference among urban consumers has aggravated its consumption among people. Hence, It becomes utmost necessity to know what we consume…!

Also Read Part 1 of this article  – Click here

#9. Longan

Botanical name : Dimocarpus longan

Family:  Sapindaceae

Longan fruits are native fruits of Asian continent, primarily in China and Thailand. This fruit is a most successful and profitable crop in China and Thailand and hence its economy highly relies on Longan. The fruit is sweet and juicy. The fruit is generally harvested in bunches and packed. The outer shell is bark like and dull yellowish in color with a thin layer. It is a single brownish seeded fruit. The edible part is the inner pulp lies between the outer shell and the seed. The pulp is having translucent flesh so that the inner seed is visible. The fruit is eaten fresh & raw and also as desserts. The fruit has anti – inflammatory property and provides energy when consumed.

Longan exotic fruits of india know about
Longan

#10. Thailand guava

Botanical name: Psidium guajava

Family:  Myrtaceae

Thai guavas are generally bigger in size than the normal cultivars cultivated widely in Thailand. Presently the fruit is also grown in India. They have an apple green skin either rough or smooth.  The flesh is white, crunchy with bigger sized edible pale yellow seeds. Thai guava sweets mild and have very less fragrance when compared to normal cultivar. This cultivar of guava is rich in vitamin C and Potassium. They are eaten in slightly unripened stage and also as salads.

Thailand guava exotic fruits india
Thailand guava

#11. Grapefruit

Botanical name: Citrus  paradisi

Family: Rutaceae

Grapefruit is generally confused between pomelo fruit. But, it is actually a hybrid between sweet orange (C. sinensis) and pomelo (C. maxima) which is produced accidentally in Barbados of Caribbean region. Initially it was called “the forbidden fruit “and later the name grapefruit was given to it. Currently, it is said to be among the seven wonders of the Barbados. It is a large sized fruits similar to the size of pomelo.  The fruit with pink color flesh is the most cultivated one. The fruit tastes sour with more acidity. They are primarily used for juice purpose and also in making jams. The fruit is having anti- cancer property with high level of vitamin C.

grapefruit exotic fruits India
Grapefruit

#12. Packham pears

Botanical name: Pyrus communis

Family : Rosaceae

Packham pears are an Australian variety of pears, Pyrus communis. This fruit is having a distinct shape when compared to other pears. Its bottom is wide and bulbous and leaning on the top end. Its shape is irregular and with green skin that turns yellow after it is ripened. The texture of the skin is smooth with tiny lenticels. Its flesh is sweet and juicy. They can be eater fresh or cooked. They can be kept for several months under refrigeration when suitable temperature of 0 to 1 degree is maintained. These pears strengthen our immune system and also prevents cancer.

Packham pears imotforum exotic fruits
Packham pears

#13. Peach

Botanical name: Prunus persica

Family : Rosaceae

Often, the peaches are confused with nectarines. Although both peaches and nectarines are of same species, commercially they are regarded as different fruits. Peaches will have a hairy fuzz like structure on the skin whereas nectarines do not have such fuzzy growth. The fruit is believed to be native to china which is the largest producer of peaches in the world. The fruit is succulent, juicy, sweet tasted fruit with a pleasant aroma.  There are two varieties of peaches. One is free stone fruit wherein the seed is free in the center of the fruit and other is the clinging seed variety wherein the seed is firmly attached to the pulp.

Peach exotic fruits india imotforum
Peach

#14. Red Globe Grapes

Botanical name:  Vitis vinifera

Family: Vitaceaee

Red globe is a variety of grapes which is considered to be the sweetest of all other varieties. It is a large, crunchy and juicy fruit with large seeded. The fruit is extensively cultivated in United States and Australia and imported to Asian countries in large quantities. It is a most popular fruit in India. This variety is mostly used for table purpose. These grapes can be identified with their size. Red globe grapes are generally bigger in size when compared to all other types.

Red Globe Grapes exotic fruits
Red Globe Grapes

#15. Red delicious apples

Botanical name:  Malus domestica

Family:  Rosaceae

The red delicious apple is the most delicious apples of all other types. This cultivar of apple is native to United States. These are the largest grown apples in United States followed by Royal gala and Fuji apples. The fruit is medium sized with tall conical shape with bright red color which makes the cultivar more successful. It can be stored for long period when suitable temperature of zero degree is maintained during refrigeration. The fruit is juicy, less crisp with no flavor.

Red Delicious Apples exotic fruits
Red Delicious Apples

#16. Santa Rosa Plums

Botanical name:   Prunus salicina

Family:  Rosaceae

These fruits are medium to larger in size having about 4 to 7 cm in diameter. The skin is red – purplish with a yellow flesh that changes to reddish near the skin. These fruits are sweet, juicy and slightly firm and hence, can be used for canning and cooking. They can be stored in freezers for several months. There fruits are largely exported to Asian countries. These fruit has its origin in China and Japan, but now it is also grown in United Nations.

Santa Rosa Plums exotic fruits india
Santa Rosa Plums
Also Read Part 1 of this article  – Click here

(This article was originally published as series in ‘The Agraria’ e-Magazine. You can Subscribe it by clicking here)

Hari Kishore
I'm graduate in Horticulture. Working as a Quality Control Manager in Kovai Pazhamudir Nilayam, Chennai. Playing musical instruments and reading books are my hobbies. hari30101995@gmail.com