Flowering trees are important component of any Home Garden irrespective of its size. Blossoms brings chirping birds, delightful fragrance and feeling of rejoice. Such flowering trees should also be native of the land for long life and minimal care. Here starts the countdown of best flowering trees for any Indian Garden…
#8. Champak Tree (Magnolia champaca)
It is a tall native Indian tree that grows up to 30 metres tall. It’s flowers are cream or pale yellow to orange and it ranges around 5 cm in diameter. The flowers are very fragrant and are used in perfumes and essential oil extraction. The flowers are worn as adornment and are also sacred to both Hindus and Buddhists. This tree is also considered for its timber value.
#7. Flame of forest (Butea monosperma)
Commonly known as Porasam in South India and Palas in North India is a medium sized tree of 20-30 feet height. Irregular branches makes it attractive at full bloom between January to March. Though flowers are scentless, the entire canopy will be filled with orange flowers as if the tree is burning. The flower also has a curved parrot beak shaped keel making it attractive. As it is rich in nectar attracts birds and bees. It is also used for making Holi colours and fabric dyes. The tree is considered sacred by Theravada Buddhists and Hindus.
#6. Alexandria laurel (Calophyllum inophyllum):
Slow growing tree that grows up to 20-60 feet height. Flowers bloom throughout the year with two distinct flowering season in a year. It can grow well in coastal regions and also in degraded soil regions. Flowers are fragrant with snow white petals with attractive yellow stamens crowded at floral centre. It is also a sacred trees to Hindus. Flowers are used for adornment and for making perfume.
#5. Coral Jasmine (Nyctanthes arbor-tristis)
It is a shrub or small tree that grows only up to 10 metres tall. Commonly identified as Night flowering Jasmine. The fragrant flowers have white corolla with orange red centre and produce in clusters. This tree is mentioned in many Hindu religious books as Parijatha tree. Besides that, it has anti bacterial, anti inflammatory and other medicinal properties.
#4. Kadamba Tree (Neolamarckia cadamba):
Trees can grow 45 metres tall. Flowers appears as small globose heads. It is used in perfumes and as raw materials in production of “attar”. It is considered as favourite tree of Lord Krishna, and to Lord Murugan in South India according to Hindus. This tree has medicinal properties to cure digestive problems, ulcers, etc,.
#3. Golden Shower Tree (Cassia fistula)
It is a medium sized deciduous tree, with an oval to rounded shape, 5 to 15 meter in height. Cassia fistula tree is well known for its impressive yellow flowers that cover the entire canopy. Leaves are absent at flowering time. Leaves usually drop in April as a prelude to flowering which occurs from May to early July. The leaves on this tree are green year round, and remain green until they fall off and are replaced. Leaves are useful in skin diseases, burning sensation, dry cough and fever.
#2. Indian Tulip Tree (Thespesia populnea)
Also known as the Portia tree reaches a height of 6–10 m (20–33 ft) tall. Bark of this tree is used to make the thavil, a Carnatic musical instrument of South India. Each flower has a maroon eye that ages to purple. The flowers are followed by apple-shaped fruit.
#1. The pagoda tree (Plumeria alba)
This 2-8m evergreen shrub has narrow elongated leaves, large and strongly perfumed white flowers with a yellow center. It has narrow branches that arch up and outward, and at the ends of these branches are bunched clusters of beautiful flowers during its bloom.
Flowers are real happiness in Garden. By knowing the flowering season of each tree you can select trees for your garden so that you enjoy blooms and fragrance throughout the year. Even though your garden may be filled with number of flowering trees. The trees listed above are good to Indian climatic conditions with time tested medicinal and aesthetic properties. Enjoy gardening..!